The Threat From Cyber Crime
We have seen a significant growth in cyber criminality in the form of high-profile ransomware campaigns over the last year. Breaches leaked personal data on a massive scale leaving victims vulnerable to fraud, while lives were put at risk and services damaged by the WannaCry ransomware campaign that affected the NHS and many other organisations worldwide. Tactics are currently shifting as businesses are targeted over individuals and although phishing attacks on individuals are increasing, fewer are falling victim as people have become more alert.
Because the distinction between nation states and criminal groups is increasingly blurred, cyber crime attribution is sometimes difficult. Many Russian-speaking cyber groups are threatening UK interests, but home-grown cyber criminals are becoming more sophisticated and therefore a rising threat. Although young criminals are often driven by peer kudos rather than financial reward, organised UK cyber crime groups are motivated by profit.
Cyber criminals seek to exploit human or security vulnerabilities in order to steal passwords, data or money directly. The most common cyber threats include:
- Hacking – including of social media and email passwords
- Phishing – bogus emails asking for security information and personal details
- Malicious software including ransomware through which criminals hijack files and hold them to ransom
- Distributed denial of service attacks against websites often accompanied by extortion
What Is Cybercrime Complaints In The Philippines
Legislation on Cybercrime in the Philippines The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 was signed into law by President Benigno Aquino III on September 20, 2012. A complaint from local law enforcement agencies regarding the lack of legal tools to combat cybercrime led to the creation of Code 12. It aims to combat online pornography, hacking, identity theft, and spamming.
How To Protect Yourself Online
These tips can help you keep your computer and personal information safe when going online:
Learn how to spot common scams and fraud. Learn the warning signs of internet fraud, phishing, and other online scams.
Keep your computer software updated. Download the latest versions of your operating system, web browsers, and apps.
Talk to your kids about being safe and responsible online. Find out how you can protect your kids online by teaching them about the risks.
Learn the basics of cyber security. Find out what to do during and after cyber attacks and what you can do beforehand to prevent them.
Dont use the same passwords for multiple accounts. Try to make your passwords unpredictable and avoid using names, dates, or common words. Never share your passwords with anyone you dont trust.
Dont give out personal information over unencrypted websites. Only trust encrypted sites that begin with https . They convert your information into a code that prevents exposure to potential scammers.
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How To Report Harassing Phone Calls Or Text Messages To The Police In 2021
1. Save the Harassment Data
If you are making use of a phone that has the ability of taking screenshots, then you should screenshot the data. If the device you are using does not come with this feature, you should take of picture of the screen with another camera. You will also want to Lock or Protect each harassing message. But you still must be sure to have backup copies in the event that something happens to your phone so your data is not lost.
2. Get Your Cell Phone Records
When you want to report a case of phone harassment to the police, you should get your cell phone records. You can do this by logging in to your account and downloading your cell phone records. Be sure to save and also print the records that coincide with the harassment you are experiencing.
3. Compile All Evidence
Next, you should gather and arrange all the information you have collected on the harasser in a fashion that will be easy for the police to navigate through.
You can make use of a file folder to help you with this. For instance, one folder can contain your photo evidence, the other can contain the print-outs of your cell phone records, another folder can consist of the proof of all the efforts you have made to stop the harassment such as evidence via screenshot of you telling the offender to stop harassing me as well as any other efforts you have taken.
4. Have your own copy
5. Include Your Contact Information
6. Go to the Police
Reduce The Risk Of Devices Connected To The Internet Being Hacked
More and more objects are being connected to the internet. Smartwatches, security cameras, baby calls, heaters and light bulbs to mention a few. They are referred to as Internet-of-Things devices. They may make it easier to control your house, but come with a risk, as objects connected to the internet are vulnerable to hacking. These objects often have poor security, and detected vulnerabilities are seldom fixed and the software updated.
On a general basis, the following precautions will reduce the risk of your IoT devices being hacked:
- If you do not need online access to e.g. your baby call, go for a baby call with local wireless transmission which encrypts all signals. The number of potential hackers will then be limited to your immediate neighbourhood, instead of the whole world, and you have made intrusion more difficult.
- Change your password the first time you use the device, and apply the available security settings.
- Make sure it is updated with the latest firmware from the manufacturer. Some devices do this automatically others need manual updating.
- Turn the device off when not in use or not needed.
- If a camera behaves in an unexpected way, e.g. moves without you doing anything, or you discover logins that were not you, turn it off immediately .
- Do a few searches for relevant models to see if there are any reports of vulnerabilities in or hacking of those models.
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Scam Emails: Extortion Or Too Good To Be True
Have you received an email whose content seems too good to be true? It is. You never get money for free. You have not won the lottery you never played. Job offers promising high pay for little work also attempt to take advantage of you, as credible as they may appear.
Have you received an email claiming you have been videoed visiting an adult website? The email demands payment in bitcoin for not sending the video to your family and friends. The email may include a password you have used previously, and may even appear to have been sent from your own email address. This is all a scam, and the email was sent to hundreds of thousands of random people. It is spam you can safely ignore.
Reporting Cybercrime In The Uk
In the United Kingdom, the Crown Prosecution Service offers advice on what to do if youve witnessed, or been the victim, of a cybercrime. As well as calling the police on 101 if the matter is urgent enough, you can report crimes through the Action Fraud website.
If cybercrime is more serious, such as those crimes which involve children, then you can report directly to the Internet Watch Foundation. Theyre a non-profit organization that seeks to reduce the presence of child-abuse and associated images online. On their site, you can make a report straight from the home page to have images or videos of child abuse removed from the web.
In the case that you fall victim to cybercrime and need help after-the-fact, you can turn to the victim support website. They offer a list of local branches you can contact if you need some assistance.
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Constable Kenny Koala Stay Ok Online
The Constable Kenny website has great resources for teaching children how to Stay Ok online, including tips for parents and videos and activities for kids.
Constable Kenny is also available to deliver a free Stay OK Online presentation to years three and four at schools across Canberra. For more information or to book a Constable Kenny presentation, visit Constable Kenny Koala’s website.
Need To Report Cybercrime Or Fraud Now
Until the new reporting system is complete, Canadians, businesses and organizations should continue to report cybercrime and fraud to the online reporting system, available on the CAFC website. If you have lost personal information or money resulting from cybercrime or fraud, please contact your local police too.
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Do Not Open Unknown Attachments Or Links In Emails
The absolutely most important piece of advice is not to open unknown email attachments. If you receive an attachment by email, stop and think. Read the email again. Is the language poor? Does the sender have a reason for sending you an attachment? Never open the attachment to see what it is about this is often enough for malicious software to be installed on your computer.
Many people receive emails which appear to be from Posten, DHL or Skatteetaten. They tend to contain little information, asking you to open the attachment to learn more. The senders of such emails impersonate legitimate companies to deceive you into opening the attachment.
You may also be deceived by receiving an email and being asked to click on a link. It may for instance look like an email from your bank, urging you to change your password. If you click on the link and enter your password, you give up your password to the criminal behind the fraudulent email. Your bank will never send you such an unsolicited email.
If you are unsure about an email or an attachment, the safest thing to do is leave it. No harm is done unless you open the attachment or click on the link. Another option is to contact the company or person that supposedly sent the email and ask if they actually did.
On you can test how good you are at recognising if the email you have received is legitimate or fraudulent. Google has participated in the preparation of the quiz. The quiz is hard and shows how devious criminals can be.
Reporting Cybercrime In Australia
In Australia, cybercrime can be reported via ReportCyber a service ran by the Australian government. You can find their online forms both for individuals or for businesses. If a case is more serious or outside of their normal business hours, you should contact your local police by dialing 131 444.
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How Can I Protect My Computer Against Future Infections
Install and configure a good anti-virus program on your computer. Keep the virus definition files up to date. Anti-virus software programs can be configured to automatically check for new dat files and your anti-virus program should be setup to do this at least weekly. Your anti-virus program should be configured to scan email, all files and folders, boot sectors and all removable disks . If you receive an attachment or file via email, IRC, ICQ or removable disk, that attachment should be scanned for viruses before opening it.
Protecting Yourself From Cybercrime
With all of the malicious programs out there, it’s important that you understand some of the things you can do to keep your computer protected:
- Use virus protection software. Anti-virus software recognizes and protects your computer against most known viruses. However, attackers are continually writing new viruses, so it is important to keep your anti-virus software current.
- Keep your computer software current. Install software patches and updates so that attackers can’t take advantage of known problems or vulnerabilities. You should also consider allowing automatic software updates.
- Use caution with email attachments and items requiring downloading.
- Install a firewall, which may be able block malicious traffic before it can enter your computer. Some operating systems actually include a firewall, but you need to make sure it is enabled.
- Set your web browser security level to Medium or High.
- Be cautious when using Peer-to-Peer software.
- Spyware is a common source of viruses, but you can minimize the number of infections by using a legitimate program that identifies and removes spyware.
- Change your passwords on a regular basis and make them hard to guess by using numbers and special characters. This includes passwords for web sites that may have been cached in your browser.
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Step : Make Sure Your Occurrence Can Be Reported Online
Use the information below to see if you can use this system. If your occurrence qualifies for online reporting, proceed to the next step. If your occurrence does not qualify for online reporting, it cannot be accepted by the officer managing online reporting. These occurrences require contact with a local OPP officer for investigation. Please call the OPP toll-free at 1-888-310-1122 to file a report. Links to external websites including those with video, digital images or documents that are not supported by this application cannot be managed through this online reporting service. Please include a narrative description of the occurrence if you will be filing an online report.
Criteria For Filing An Online Report:
- This is not an Emergency
- The incident does not involve personal violence nor a hate crime
- You must have a valid email address to use this system. Your email address will not be used for any other purpose.
- There are no known suspects – either person or vehicle – and there is no visible physical evidence at the scene
- If the incident occurred on a provincial highway or outside the Saskatoon Police Service jurisdictional limits – refer to the FAQ.
- Only the below types of reports are allowed to be completed online – see definitions for each type.
- Reports may not be filed on behalf of a 3rd party except in the case of children. Reports must be filed by the actual complainant, owner or authorized representative.
If your incident falls within the above criteria, you are ready to file your report online. Please make sure to turn off your pop-up blocking software before filing the report.
Note: Only information fields noted with the red * are mandatory.
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How Do I Report Abuse
Any behaviour that scares, threatens, controls or isolates you could be abuse. Abuse can be physical, sexual, financial or mental.
You dont have to stay in an abusive relationship or workplace to keep your status in Canada.
The person whos abusing you might tell you that youll be deported or lose your children if you leave. Whether youre a permanent resident, or you have temporary status in Canada, you have options. You can escape violence, harassment or other abuse.
What Can Young People Do
- Search for yourself online to find out what your digital shadow looks like.
- If an image of yourself appears on a website or app, and you have not consented to the use of this image, you contact the administrator to seek its removal.
- Contact the person who has shared the photo or video and ask them to remove it and delete all copies.
- Keep evidence by taking screenshots and noting the web addresses of the content. You can also use another device to take photos of the content.
- Google can stop specific pages containing inappropriate images appearing in image search results. This will only help with Google searches. The videos and photos will still be searchable using other search engines such as Yahoo.
- Make sure webcams are covered when not in use.
- If you need support, talk to someone you trust or, seek help. Kids Helpline is a great resource.
- Let your friends know if your account has been hacked. The hacker might try and access the profiles of friends too, or send them nasty messages under your childs name.
- Remember, under Commonwealth law, a sexually explicit image of someone under the age of 18 may constitute child exploitation material.
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If you received an email from a sender posing as Public Health Ontario offering you next steps for signing up for a vaccine certificate or asking for your private health information: Do not open it or click on any links.
*A phishing scam is an attempt to deceive you into giving sensitive information to someone posing as an individual or company that you know .
Major Forms Of Phone Harassment
Even though phone harassment comes it many forms, they all share a very common similarity which is that they rob you of your privacy and sense of security. Here are the most common forms of phone harassment.
1. Blocked or No Caller ID Calls
Blocked or no caller ID phone calls are phone calls where it is not possible to view the incoming caller ID number. To place a blocked call from a landline or smartphone, all you need to do is dial *67 before the phone number you want to call. More often than not, someone that is calling you with no visible caller ID, and they do not want to reveal their identity, usually dont have your well-being in mind.
2. Robocalls & Spam Calls
This is another very common form of phone harassment. Every month in the United States alone, about 3 billion unwanted spam and telemarketing calls flood consumers smartphones.
Spam calls, especially those that are illegal, are a form of phone harassment that pose a severe threat to the security of your personal and financial information. Phone scammers pose as the IRS, banks, and loan services and call you in attempts to steal from you over the phone.
Another tactic that is used for placing spam calls is known as neighbor spoofing. This is a form of harmful caller ID spoofing that allows spammers to place calls that look like they are coming from a phone number in your local area code. This way, people will be more likely to pick up the call because it looks familiar to them.
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