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What Education Is Needed For Police Officer

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Police Officer Salaries In Ontario

What Should I Know Before Pursuing a Career as a Police Officer?

The provincial hourly rate ranges from $30.05-$57.69/hr with a median hourly wage of $46.15/hr. The salary range for police officers in Ontario is $56k-$117k/year, while the median annual salary is $97,115/year.

The median employment income in 2015 for police officers in Toronto was $107,627. The median employment income in 2015 for police officers in Ottawa was $105,533, and the median employment income in 2015 for police officers in Hamilton was $106,485.

The starting salary at the Toronto Police Service is $70,643.30/year. By the fourth year, expected the annual salary to be $100,923.48/year. Benefits include paid vacation, family medical and dental benefits, life insurance, pension plan, and paternal and maternity leave.

The starting salary at the Ottawa Police Service is $67,615.92/year. By the fourth year, depending on your performance reviews, the annual salary is expected to increase to $99,434.93/year. Benefits include education reimbursement programs, a generous pension plan, medical, dental and vision coverage, life insurance, as well as long-term disability insurance.

Meanwhile, if working for the Ontario Provincial Police , the average salary is roughly $100,500/year.

Here is a list of average salaries for police officers in Ontario, according to Glassdoor:

Department
$98K – $104K

What Will I Learn In A Police Officer Degree Program

While we cant speak for every program in Canada, Lauriers policing degree students can expect to learn the following:

  • How to recognize and deal with trauma. Youll be able to identify the signs of trauma in yourself, your colleagues, and the community. You will also learn how to process and react to trauma
  • Criminological and psychological theories. Youll learn to apply the foundations of good police and detective work
  • The major debates in policing and justice today. Understanding different perspectives on these issues will help you become a better police officer
  • Leadership, critical thinking, research, and conflict resolution skills and
  • How to understand and appreciate the justice system of Canadas Indigenous people, and what your role as a law enforcement officer in their communities entails.

How Much Does It Pay

According to the most recent occupational data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, police and sheriff’s patrol officers in California make an average salary of $107,440 per year.

And even though California is one of the most expensive states to live in, the state makes up for that by offering the highest pay to police officers in the country. In fact, cops in California make nearly 60% more than the national average police salary of $67,290.

For a look at some of the police officer jobs currently available in California, visit our careers page. You can also check out POST listings here.

This article, originally published May 2018, has been updated.

Do you think you have what it takes to be a cop? Download a veteran police officer’s list of the 10 questions you need to ask yourself before starting a career in law enforcement by filling out the form below:

10 QUESTIONS TO ASK YOURSELF BEFORE BECOMING A POLICE OFFICER

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    Is A Degree In Criminal Justice Worth The Effort

    As you consider the merits of obtaining a degree in criminal justice, it will probably occur to you that you can become a police officer more quickly if you forgo the degree and just sign on with a police force, where you will be given basic training in the police academy. However, you wont just be passing up possible opportunities to earn a higher salary in the future, but also maybe even the opportunity to work in a variety of interesting fields as your career advances.

    Some of the jobs holders of criminal justice degrees might also go for are legal assistant, paralegal, detective, criminal investigator, forensic science technician, police supervisor, probation officer, corrections officer, security guard, fraud investigator, FBI agent, CIA agent, U.S. postal inspector, immigration and customs enforcement agent, DEA agent, Secret Service agent, blood splatter analyst, U.S. marshal, and transit and railroad police.

    But aside from the great career diversity the criminal justice field offers, a degree in CJ also provides students with a richer background that will help them put their skills to better use once they begin work. Criminal justice instructors generally bring their own varied experiences into the classroom, and can help students develop a deeper understanding of the challenges they will face in the field and the best ways to respond to them.

    It could be the Best Decision You Ever Make!

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    Policing Degree: The Changes

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    The College of Policing, which is responsible for setting standards of ethics and training for the police service, is in talks with 12 universities about running the degree courses.

    The syllabus is likely to cover the law, safeguarding the vulnerable, understanding how an officer behaves on the street and how to build trust by interacting well with communities.

    There will be three options at entry level:

    • A three-year police constable degree apprenticeship paid for by the force, allowing individuals to earn while they learn spending 80% of their time on the frontline, and the rest completing their degree while receiving a salary
    • A practical policing degree, as seen in other professions, where the student would complete a three-year self-funded course and apply for a job once qualified
    • For graduates, a six-month postgraduate conversion course funded by the police

    Other changes to be introduced include:

    • A national set of qualifications for officers following promotion, for example in skills such as management and leadership
    • A requirement for officers applying to be assistant chief constable or above to have a masters degree to be paid for by their police force

    The college plans to publish a directory of education qualifications for officers and staff next summer, with guidance as to how their on-the-job experience counts and what funding might be available to support them.

    Some forces accept officers with Level 2 qualifications , while others insist on Level 5 .

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    Police Training Requirements By State

    According to the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the general job description of a police patrol officer is to enforce laws and ordinances, for the protection of life and property in their assigned area. Police officers receive assignments for the protection of a particular area, conducting investigations, and apprehending criminals.Every state has different requirements for police training. We’ve created this list to help you learn more about the police training requirements in your state. This list was last updated for the 2021 calendar year.

    What Are The Requirements For Becoming A Police Officer In New Jersey

    The individual must:

    • Possess a valid and current drivers license.
    • Must be at least 21 years of age at the time of application.
    • Meet the following education requirement:
    • The candidate must have a bachelors degree from an accredited university or college. OR
    • The candidate must have 80 college credits from an accredited university or college and must have earned a Bachelors degree to enter the selection process. OR
    • The applicant must have earned 60 college credits or have earned an associates degree from an accredited university or college, AND should have completed a minimum of two years of military/employment experience.
    • The candidate must have earned 30 college credits from an accredited university or college AND should have completed a minimum of two years of active duty military service.

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    Homeland Security And Emergency Management

    Studies in homeland security and emergency management often combined are ideal for preparing students for careers protecting the nation and handling emergency situations. Typically, homeland security and emergency management majors complete courses in domestic security management, international and domestic terrorism, crisis management, disaster management, network defense, information security and border-transportation security. While some of the coursework in this major pertain to police officer roles, such as classes in conflict negotiation and interviewing and interrogation, many of these courses prepare students to work in other government agencies, like the FBA, the Secret Service, FEMA and the TSA.

    Do You Need A Degree To Be A Cop

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    A college education isnt a strict requirement if you want to become a police officer somewhere, but not going to college could restrict you from pursuing this career path in certain states, municipalities and agencies. This may sound complicated, but its because different police departments and law enforcement agencies have different requirements. Whether you need a degree to be a cop depends on where youre trying to get hired as a police officer.

    Generally, the demand for a college education is stronger in more competitive law enforcement job roles. Youre least likely to need a degree to be a cop working in an entry-level role in a rural area of a state where law enforcement hiring is less highly regulated. Youre most likely to need a degree if you want to work in a prestigious precinct in an area with high competition for jobs, especially in a state like New Jersey, Nevada, North Dakota or Illinois, where state law requires officers to hold a bachelors degree. Youre also likely to need a degree if you want to advance to a higher-level role, like police chief or police captain. If you want a federal police job, no matter which state you would want to be headquartered in, then a bachelors degree is typically required.

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    Police Training By State

    As it was mentioned above, each state has the power to formulate its own police training. This was done due to the varying cultures and environments each state has. Hence, the training in Washington may not prepare police officers in Texas, and vice versa.

    Every single day, police officers risk their lives to protect the citizens of the United States. Whether they get enough credit for it does not matter to them. What is important to them is the fulfillment they get knowing that they are keeping the fellow men safe.

    The great power and responsibility vested upon police officers mean that a simple mistake on their part can end in a disaster. Luckily, the rigorous training they undergo creates respectable and reliable keepers of peace.

    No doubt that each step of the way prepares a police officer into fulfilling their promise to Serve and Protect.

    What Are The Minimum Requirements For Ontario Police Officer Applicants In Ontario

    Before applying, ensure that you meet the minimum requirements. The following list of application requirements applies to most police agencies in Ontario:

    • Minimum 18 years of age
    • Fluency in English
    • Canadian high school diploma or equivalent
    • Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident
    • Valid current standard first aid / CPR C certification
    • Class ‘G’ driver’s license, full driving privileges, and a maximum of 6 demerit points
    • No criminal convictions which have not been pardoned and no criminal charges pending

    In addition to the above, the Toronto Police Service requires candidates to meet the following requirements:

    • Possess a valid O.A.C.P. certificate,
    • Be able to pass a security clearance as well as a background investigation, credit check, and reference check.

    Willingness to serve anywhere in the province is an additional requirement for those applying to the Ontario Provincial Police.

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    New Technologies Are Rapidly Changing The Field Of Law Enforcement

    As new technologies are introduced to the law enforcement field, departments must ensure their officers are well trained and well versed on how to use these new tools effectively.

    New automated technologies such as artificial intelligence and predictive analytics are being used by law enforcement to both improve efficiency and enhance safety. According to Accenture, 53% of police forces expect to be using AI to help them determine risk by 2023. AI technologies can also assist with crowd control and surveillance, image enhancement, and even facial recognition, according to an article by Forbes. In the Forbes article, author Kathleen Walch from Cognilytica also states that AI is being used to spot signs of non-violent crimes in video footage that officers can then further investigate.

    While these technologies are still being developed and evolving, the need for proper education on digital tools in conjunction with law enforcement training will be imperative for smooth adoption and implementation within an agency.

    What Are The Minimum Requirements

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    Heres a look at the minimum requirements to become a police officer in California. Keep in mind that the majority of police departments in the state follow POST requirements. You can find the agencies that dont here their requirements may vary, but are likely to be similar to the below:

    • You must be at least 21 years old.
    • You must be a citizen of the US through either naturalization or birth.
    • You must have attained either your high school diploma or GED. Some agencies may require a 4-year degree or an associates degree.
    • You must have a valid drivers license.
    • No felony convictions or misdemeanors that prohibit ownership, possession or control of a firearm.

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    How To Become A Police Officer In New Jersey

    The state of New Jersey, also referred to as The Garden State, offers lucrative employment opportunities to individuals working in Law Enforcement. If you are interested in joining this field, then read this article on how to become a police officer in New Jersey.

    Types Of Police Officer

    When you work as a police officer, you will be in a setting where rank and seniority make a big difference. Like the military, there is a direct hierarchy of authority whereas a private-sector boss can make a request, the head of a police department gives an order, and its your duty to follow these orders.

    The exact structure of a police department can vary by region and size, but it generally starts with police officers, the most common rank. These are the professionals who complete ground-level duties of patrol and emergency response, forming the backbone of law enforcement across the country.

    Next in rank are detectives, who perform crime scene investigations and work on individual cases.

    From there, the structure of a police force, from lowest to highest rank, looks something like this:

    • Corporal Essentially an entry-level supervisor, often in charge of a small group of administrators.
    • Sergeant First-line supervisors, usually overseeing a group of officers and detectives.
    • Lieutenant In charge of a group of supervisors.
    • Captain Commanders of entire districts and units.
    • Staff Inspector Responsible for overseeing large units and multiple districts.
    • Chief Inspector Commanders of a bureau or large group of units.
    • Deputy Commissioner In charge of large sections of departments and districts.

    In other cities, the police department can be headed by a chief, and there are other rankings and titles that can be found depending on the region.

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    Pass The Post Exam & Become A Police Officer

    In order to work as a police officer, aspiring applicants must pass the Peace Officer Standards and Training or Police Officer Standards and Training exam. Commonly known as the POST exam, this is required for each state except Hawaii . Each state has subtle differences in their testing procedure, requirements, and the test itself, so its important to do in-depth research on the test your particular state requires.

    Examsfor police officers include not only the POST written examination which includes an evaluation of grammar, reading comprehension, andwriting but other points as well, such as physical agility,medical health, psychological fitness, background review, and an oralinterview. Some states might add other requirements, such as apolygraph test. Once these tests are satisfactorily passed, graduatesare ready to work as police officers. The procedure it takes to getfrom passing the tests to wearing the badge depends on the state andin some cases, the department itself.

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    Graduation from a police program prepares you for work in a number of fields, including :

    • Private investigation
    • Customs

    Note: For each of these positions, further testing will likely be required. Police officer applicants may be required to show proof of completion of the Ontario Chiefs of Police Certificate examination.

    Starting salaries in the policing field are in the low $30,000s per year, but tend to rise after your first-year probationary period. From there, your salary will increase with experience.

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    Police Officer Titles And Career Concentrations

    Police officers go by many names and titles, including law enforcement officer, patrol officer, peace officer, public safety officer, state trooper, and uniform patrol police officer.

    These are generic names for the same occupation. You can get more specific by incorporating rank. Officers, troopers, deputies, and corporals are all names for lower-ranking officers in different types of agencies. Sergeants, lieutenants, captains, and so on up to chief, commissioner, or sheriff are titles for higher-ranking officers in different jurisdictions.

    These ranks are separate from police officer concentrations, which are numerous. Here are 11:

    What Is The Salary For Police Officers In Texas

    The national mean salary for police officers is $70,000 annually and an entry level police officer in Texas can make as high as $81,742 annually. The highest paying cities in Texas are Pearland , Dallas , and Houston .

    The regions in Texas with the largest police departments and which will likely see the biggest growth over the next few years include:

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    What Does A Police Officer Do

    In the simplest sense, police officers enforce laws and protect life and property. But of course, there is much more to it than that. Heres how it breaks down:

    Policeofficers are sworn to protect and serve the communities in which they live andwork. They enforce laws, obtain warrants, arrest and interview suspects, securecrime and accident scenes, write detailed reports and testify in court, amongother duties. Officers often respond to emergency calls, working shifts thatoperate around the clock.

    The specific duties of a police officer will be numerous and diverse. Based on appointment, length of service and training, they may work with a K-9 unit responding to suspicions of drugs or dangerous weapons in vehicles and other property. Or, they might take a role on the SWAT team where they need to know tactics and procedures for working under dangerous conditions. Much of their daily routine will involve patrolling a certain area, such as a portion of a town or city. As they move up the ranks, they may investigate crimes ranging from petty theft to murder.

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