Lists Of Killings By Law Enforcement Officers In The United States
Below are lists of people killed by law enforcement in the United States, both on duty and off duty.Although Congress instructed the Attorney General in 1994 to compile and publish annual statistics on police use of excessive force, this was never carried out, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not collect these data.
The annual average number of justifiable homicides alone was previously estimated to be near 400. Updated estimates from the Bureau of Justice Statistics released in 2015 estimate the number to be around 930 per year, or 1,240 if assuming that non-reporting local agencies kill people at the same rate as reporting agencies. A 2019 study by Esposito, Lee, and Edwards states that police killings are a leading cause of death for men aged 25-29 at 1.8 per 100000, trailing causes such as accidental death , suicide , and other homicides .
Around 20152016, The Guardian newspaper ran its own database, The Counted, which tracked US killings by police and other law enforcement agencies including from gunshots, tasers, car accidents and custody deaths. They counted 1,146 deaths for 2015 and 1,093 deaths for 2016. The database can be viewed by state, gender, race/ethnicity, age, classification , and whether the person killed was armed.
Young Black Men Killed By Us Police At Highest Rate In Year Of 1134 Deaths
Final total of people killed by US police officers in 2015 shows rate of death for young black men was five times higher than white men of the same age
Young black men were nine times more likely than other Americans to be killed by police officers in 2015, according to the findings of a Guardian study that recorded a final tally of 1,134 deaths at the hands of law enforcement officers this year.
Despite making up only 2% of the total US population, African American males between the ages of 15 and 34 comprised more than 15% of all deaths logged this year by an ongoing investigation into the use of deadly force by police. Their rate of police-involved deaths was five times higher than for white men of the same age.
Paired with official government mortality data, this new finding indicates that about one in every 65 deaths of a young African American man in the US is a killing by police.
This epidemic is disproportionately affecting black people, said Brittany Packnett, an activist and member of the White House taskforce on policing. We are wasting so many promising young lives by continuing to allow this to happen.
Protests accusing law enforcement officers of being too quick to use lethal force against unarmed African Americans have spread across the country in the 16 months since dramatic unrest gripped Ferguson, Missouri, following the fatal police shooting of 18-year-old Michael Brown by a white officer.
Tanisha Anderson Nov 13 2014
Tanisha Anderson, 37, died after officers in Cleveland allegedly slammed her head on the pavement while taking her into custody.
Andersons family said she had bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
The investigation into the case remains ongoing.
Officers: no charges have been filed against the officers involved.
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Case Identification And Narrative Coding
Cases in the current study originated from statewide data for the 17 states participating in NVDRS during the study period. All cases classified in NVDRS as legal intervention deaths or homicides in which the perpetrator was an LE officer were selected and narratives were reviewed to ensure they met the NVDRS case definition for legal intervention deaths. In addition to analysis of existing NVDRS variables, case narratives were reviewed and coded by the authors for an additional ten variables developed for the current study. These included:
police contact/incident directly related to concerns about the victims current psychological functioning and
LE contact or legal intervention involved intimate partner violence .
All narrative coding was completed by the authors. A randomly selected sample of 75 cases were coded in pairs. Inter-rater agreement ranged from 87.8% to 100% all discrepancies were discussed and coded to consensus. The remaining cases were coded independently with group discussion as needed.
Incidents Involving Intimate Partner Violence
Long-held concerns within LE that IPV situations are among the most dangerous for officers generally have not been well supported by research.,, A study of police calls found that domestic disturbance calls ranked fourth and fifth in the ratio of calls to assaults and injuries of officers, respectively. The current study found that 13.9% of legal intervention fatalities were IPV-related, paralleling estimates of the proportion of officers killed on duty related to an IPV incident. Although IPV is not a prevalent risk circumstance for lethal force incidents, specific approaches to conflict de-escalation in these situations may reduce risks to both IPV perpetrators and officers.
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Officer And Civilian Characteristics
To test whether officer characteristics predict the race of a person fatally shot, we regressed victim race against all officer and civilian predictors. Predictors and coefficients for this model are reported in . For all effects, we report odds ratios comparing Black or Hispanic individuals to Whites and 95% CIs . In terms of officer race, as the percentage of Black officers who shot in a FOIS increased, a person fatally shot was more likely to be Black than White. As the percentage of Hispanic officers who shot in a FOIS increased, a person fatally shot was more likely to be Hispanic or Black than White. The number of officers, percentage of female officers, and average experience of officers did not predict civilian race. Older civilians were 1.85 times less likely to be Black than White and 1.75 times less likely to be Hispanic than White. Suicidal civilians were 3.57 times less likely to be Black than White. In sum, as the percentage of Black or Hispanic officers increased, the likelihood that a civilian fatally shot was Black or Hispanic also increased.
Predicting Race from Officer and Civilian Factors
Predicting Race from Officer, Civilian, and County Factors
Alton Sterling July 5 2016
Sterling, 37, was shot to death on July 5, 2016, as the officers pinned him to the pavement outside a convenience store where he had been selling CDs. The killing was captured on cellphone video and circulated widely online, sparking demonstrations across the city. U.S. Attorney Corey Amundson said Sterling was armed during the confrontation and the investigation didnt find enough evidence to pursue charges. State authorities are investigating.
Records show that Sterling was a registered sex offender with a lengthy criminal record that included convictions for weapons offenses, confrontations with police officers, property crimes, and domestic violence and other batteries.
Officer: Not charged
Federal prosecutors announced in May they would not seek charges against two white police officers who were involved in a deadly encounter with Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge, Lo., last summer.
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Fatal Police Shootings Of Unarmed Black People Reveal Troubling Patterns
Demonstrators raise their arms and chant, “Hands up, don’t shoot,” in August 2014 as they protest the shooting death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Mo.hide caption
Demonstrators raise their arms and chant, “Hands up, don’t shoot,” in August 2014 as they protest the shooting death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Mo.
Ronell Foster was riding his bicycle through the hushed streets of Vallejo, Calif., one evening when a police officer noticed that the bike had no lights and that he was weaving in and out of traffic.
The officer, Ryan McMahon, went after Foster with lights flashing, siren blaring and the car’s spotlight pointed directly at him. Foster stopped. The pair exchanged words before Foster, who was on community supervision for a car theft conviction a month earlier, fled, eventually ditching the bicycle. McMahon caught up with Foster and jumped on top of him. The two struggled. McMahon, a rookie on the force, used a Taser on the father of two and struck him several times with his department-issued flashlight. Gunfire erupted seven shots total. When it was over, Foster, 33, lay dying in the bushes in a darkened courtyard near an apartment complex.
Ronell Foster was fatally shot by Vallejo, Calif., police Officer Ryan McMahon in 2018 after being stopped for riding his bicycle without a light. Foster was unarmed. Foster familyhide caption
A year later, he shot again.
Among NPR’s other findings:
Sandra Bland* Jul 13 2015
Sandra Bland was a 28-year-old black woman who was found hanged in a jail cell in Waller County, Texas, on July 13, 2015, three days after being arrested during a pretextual traffic stop. Her death was ruled a suicide.
Officer: Not charged
Record: Sandra Bland had numerous encounters with police in two states
Award: $1.9 million
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Who Would You Vote For If The Elections Were Held Today
Trending: Even Fake News Polls Dont Help Biden
From 2014 to 2019, we found the following:
6,560 people have been killed by police. That is an average of 1,093 per year. The highest total was 2018 where 1,143 people were killed. The low year was 2014 with 1050 deaths. Of these, 915 were unarmed, or an average of 152 people per year.
Killed By Cop: The Real Story
Black Lives Matter is complete and utter nonsense. An organization built on a lie and run by Marxist terrorists. And this article provides empirical evidence to back up my statement. Like intentionally overlooked stats.
Yesterday, Terry Crews faced an utter execution at the hands of Don Lemon for asserting that BLM has gone too far. And the backlash proves Crews is correct. In fact, weve got proof. Lets begin by looking at the number of police encounters each year from 2014 to 2019. Below are highlights from the most recent Bureau of Justice Report:
- The portion of U.S. residents age 16 or older who had contact with the police in the preceding 12 months declined from 26% in 2011 to 21% in 2015, a drop of more than 9 million people .
- The number of persons experiencing police-initiated contact fell by 8 million , the number of persons who initiated contact with the police fell by 6 million , and the number experiencing contact from traffic accidents did not change significantly.
- Whites were more likely than blacks or Hispanics to have contact with police.
- Police were equally likely to initiate contact with blacks and whites but were less likely to initiate contact with Hispanics
Millions of people including blacks who are engaged by police. But what of the number of DEADLY police encounters each year?
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What Is The Evidence For Racial Disparity
When considering all FOIS in 2015, we did not find anti-Black or anti-Hispanic disparity. How do we explain these results? Our data are consistent with three possible explanations.
One police-centered explanation is that these disparities reflect depolicing . Depolicing occurs when police officers concerns about becoming targets in civil litigation and the media spotlight impede officers from enforcing the law. Such concerns have been heightened due to recent high-profile shootings of Black men . The disparities in our data are consistent with selective depolicing, where officers are less likely to fatally shoot Black civilians for fear of public and legal reprisals. All else equal, this would increase the likelihood that a person fatally shot was White vs. Black. However, depolicing might be limited to areas with high-profile shootings . This explanation also does not explain the disparity observed when comparing White and Hispanic civilians. Future research could test for depolicing more rigorously by using a quasiexperimental time-lagged study investigating police use of force in cities before and after high-profile shootings where racial issues are prominent.
April 201: Walter Scott
Walter Scott was shot in the back five times by a white police officer, who was later fired and eventually sentenced to 20 years in prison.
Mr Scott had been pulled over for having a defective light on his car in North Charleston, South Carolina, and ran away from the police officer after a brief scuffle.
The killing sparked protests in North Charleston, with chants of “No justice, no peace”.
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What These Findings Do Not Show
Our analyses test for racial disparities in FOIS, which should not be conflated with racial bias . Racial disparities are a necessary but not sufficient, requirement for the existence of racial biases, as there are many reasons why fatal shootings might vary across racial groups that are unrelated to bias on the behalf of police officers.
For example, we found that a person fatally shot by police was much more likely to be White when they were suicidal. This does not mean that there are department policies or officer biases that encourage fatal shootings of suicidal White civilians. A more plausible explanation is that White civilians are more likely to attempt suicide by cop than minorities . Similarly, Black and Hispanic officers were more likely to fatally shoot Black and Hispanic civilians. This does not mean that there are department policies encouraging non-White officers to fatally shoot minorities. Rather, the link between officer race and FOIS appears to be explained by officers and civilians being drawn from the same population, making it more likely that an officer will be exposed to a same-race civilian.
Fatal Police Shootings Of Unarmed Black People In Us More Than 3 Times As High As In Whites
Overall fatal shooting rate not budged in 5 years public health emergency say researchers
The rate of fatal police shootings of unarmed Black people in the US is more than 3 times as high as it is among White people, finds research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.
And the total numbers of Black, Indigenous and People of Colour killed in police shootings hasnt budged over the past 5 years, prompting the researchers to describe the figures as a public health emergency.”
Deaths caused by police violence in the US are disproportionately high among BIPOC, but its not clear if the rate of these deaths might have changed over time.
The researchers therefore looked at trends in fatal police shootings, overall, and according to whether the victim was armed, to quantify years of life lost across racial/ethnic groups between 2015 and 2020.
They drew on publicly available data compiled by The Washington Post on every person killed by on-duty police officers in the US during this period.
The data, which were sourced from local news reports, independent databases, and additional reporting at the paper, include details of the race, age and sex of the victims, as well any item in their possession perceived to be a weapon.
Estimates of years of life lost were based on national historical life expectancy data for US citizens in the victims birth year compared with their actual age at death.
Dontre Hamilton Apr 30 2014
Dontre Hamilton, 31, was fatally shot 14 times by a police officer in a Milwaukee park. The officer was responding to a call from employees at a nearby Starbucks alleging that Hamilton, who had been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, was disturbing the peace.
The officers who arrived first determined that Hamilton wasnt doing anything illegal. Officer Christopher Manney showed up later and, after trying to pat Hamilton down, engaged in a struggle with him that led to the shooting. Manney was not charged.
Award: $2.3 million
Malcolm Milky Xavier Ray Williams
According to the Associated Press, 27-year-old Malcolm Williams was fatally shot by an Indiana State Police probationary trooper following a traffic stop.
Williams was a passenger in a vehicle that the trooper pulled over for not having its taillights on, police said. The trooper called for an ambulance because they said the female driver was experiencing possible labor pains.
Police said that the trooper was talking to Williams when he grabbed a gun from the glove box and fired at the trooper. The officer then returned fire.
Police said Williams fired three shots and the trooper fired six. All of the officer’s shots hit Williams at close range, including four that hit him in the back.
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William Chapman Ii Apr 22 2015
Former Portsmouth, Va., police officer Stephen Rankin was sentenced last October to two and a half years in prison for fatally shooting William Chapman II while responding to a shoplifting call outside a Walmart on April 22, 2015.
Prosecutors allege Rankin killed the unarmed 18-year-old willfully, deliberately and with premeditation. Some witnesses said Chapman was combative, and one said he knocked away Rankins stun gun. Rankin, who is white, was fired.
Local news report including Taser Camera Video
A did establish that Chapman had shoplifted from the store.
Trayvon Martin Feb 26 2012
A 17-year-old unarmed black boy who was shot and killed by George Zimmerman, a 28-year-old mixed race Hispanic man who followed Martin around his neighborhood and called the police, reporting Martin as suspicious. Zimmerman was charged but acquitted under Floridas Stand Your Ground Law.
This death is not by the police, but instead a community watch person.
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Thoughts On Opinion: Police Shooting Statistics Of Unarmed Suspects Show The Young More Likely To Be Killed
Well guess what. If black Americans on the average commit 54 per cent of all murders are they more dangerous or not? It has nothing to do with prejudice its statistical data. Again, a black person is about 6 times more likely to kill someone. What are we even talking about? Stop dancing to the BLM tune for gods sake.
9 unarmed black men were shot by the police in 2019. Wanna guess how many whites boys were killed ??? 19.
Now that was a nice little outburst freedom speech and all but every statistic you put out there is false 90% of all black ppl getting killed are from other black ppl not from white ppl not even close. On the other side white ppl dont commit nearly as much crime as black ppl not that it matters but I had to prove wrong your anecdotes
Dear Mr. Males, may I ask what the racial demographic breakdown is of the 183 victims you cite in this article?